Using a custom-built exposure chamber, UNC School of Medicine and EPA scientists tested consumer-grade masks and improvised face coverings to show how effective they can be at protecting individuals from airborne particles of similar size to those carrying SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. It’s been shown that when two people wearing masks interact, the
Dartmouth Researchers Work to Reduce Child-Directed Food Marketing on Educational Websites A new article, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine by a team of researchers and advocates including Dartmouth faculty, asserts that current gaps in the regulation of commercial educational websites are exposing children to unhealthy food marketing. Our main issue is that
Most autism spectrum disorders have a complex, multifactorial genetic component, making it difficult to find specific treatments. Rett syndrome is an exception. Babies born with this form of the disorder have mutations specifically in the MECP2 gene, causing severe impairment in brain development that primarily affects females. Yet there is still no treatment -; current
A team of UTSA researchers has discovered that economic implications because of COVID-19 can have a devastating ripple effect on children. Monica Lawson, assistant professor of psychology, Megan Piel, assistant professor of social work and Michaela Simon, psychology graduate student in the UTSA College for Health, Community and Policy, have recently published a research article
Researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have identified a new target in the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) that could lead to therapies focused on treating the neurodegenerative condition early in its progression. The discovery helps bolster a promising approach to AD research: finding and manipulating processes earlier in the disease’s
A new study published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society discusses a steep drop off from prior years in the asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits at Boston Children’s Hospital during the spring 2020 COVID-19 surge and lockdown. In “Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization for Asthma,” Tregony Simoneau,
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential, necessarily supplied by the diet and indispensable to brain development. Scientists from INRAE and University of Bordeaux, working in collaboration with INSERM, Laval and Toronto Universities in Canada and other partners (Harvard, Fondation Basque, etc.) have focused in particular on the impact of the maternal diet during gestation and lactation
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), continues to spread across the globe. To date, there are over 62.6 million infections and more than 1.45 million related deaths recorded globally. Many studies have shown that asymptomatic carriers can spread the virus even if they do not manifest any
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 24 2020 A recent study evaluating the use of force by police against children found that Black and Hispanic adolescents are significantly more likely to die from shootings related to police intervention compared to non-Hispanic white adolescents. The findings, led by Children’s National Hospital researchers and reported online Nov. 24
Decreases in hospital attendances and admissions amid fears of COVID-19 may result in avoidable harm for under 16s say researchers, who warn against the “unintended consequences of pandemic control measures”. Research led by Dr Rachel Isba from Lancaster University, Dr Rachel Jenner from Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, and Dr Marc Auerbach from Yale University analyzed
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 25 2020 Research indicates that starting school later in the morning yields health and academic benefits for high schoolers, whose natural body clock tends toward late-to-bed, late-to-rise habits. While parents raise concerns about drowsy driving, irritation and impaired school performance, a new study led by researchers at UC San Francisco
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 24 2020 A new paper from the Department of Psychiatry and the Population Health program at University Hospitals (UH) Cleveland Medical Center, proposes a framework for eliminating defects in behavioral health treatment. Entitled “Eliminating Defects in Behavioral Health Treatment,” the paper was published online on Nov. 19 in the journal
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 20 2020 Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Zokinvy (lonafarnib) capsules to reduce the risk of death due to Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome and for the treatment of certain processing-deficient progeroid laminopathies in patients one year of age and older. Zokinvy is not approved for use in patients with
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 20 2020 The results gained in a study involving approximately one million Danish children increase the understanding of how socio-economic differences in childhood affect the development of mental disorders in the Nordic countries. Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Aarhus University and the University of Manchester have investigated the link
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 20 2020 In a new publication from Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications, Lei Zhang, Tiewei Lv, Xiaoyan Liu, Chuan Feng, Min Zheng, Jie Tian and Huichao Sun from the Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China and the Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing, China consider a case of pediatric
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 19 2020 When it comes to understanding why children from non-white race groups have such poor health outcomes compared with their white counterparts, it’s time for researchers to look beyond their genes and delve deeper into social factors, according to a commentary published today in the journal Pediatrics. Framing race
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Nov 18 2020 Children in a Melbourne family developed a COVID-19 immune response after chronic exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 virus from their parents, a new case report has found. The research, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and published in Nature Communications, showed that despite close contact with symptomatic